Children’s Eyes & Health

Children are more susceptible to blue light because the lens of a child’s eyes doesn’t filter blue light as effectively as an adult lens. These studies evaluate the effects of blue light on kids.

 

2020


Annual Research Review: Adolescent mental health in the digital age: facts, fears, and future directions.

C.L. Odgers and M.R. Jensen, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13190


 

 

2019


Effects of screentime on the health and well-being of children and adolescents: a systematic review of reviews.

N. Stiglic and R.M. Viner, BMJ open, 2019. 9(1): p. e023191-e023191. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023191

 


Ocular and visual discomfort associated with smartphones, tablets and computers: what we do and do not know.

S. Jaiswal, L. Asper, J. Long, A. Lee, et al., Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 2019. 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12851

 


Visual implications of digital device usage in school children: a cross-sectional study.

P. Ichhpujani, R.B. Singh, W. Foulsham, S. Thakur, et al., BMC Ophthalmol, 2019. 19(1): p. 76-84. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1082-5

 


Poor sleep and adolescent obesity risk: a narrative review of potential mechanisms.

K.M. Duraccio, K.N. Krietsch, M.L. Chardon, T.R. Van Dyk, et al., Adolescent health, medicine and therapeutics, 2019. 10: p. 117-130. https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S219594


 

 

2018


An update on adolescent sleep: New evidence informing the perfect storm model.

S.J.W. Crowley, Amy R.Tarokh, LeilaCarskadon, Mary A., Journal of Adolescence, 2018. 67: p. 55-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.06.001

 


Research progress about the effect and prevention of blue light on eyes.

Z.C.Z. Zhao, Y.Tan, G.Li, J., Int J Ophthalmol, 2018. 11(12): p. 1999-2003. https://doi.org/10.18240/ijo.2018.12.20

 


Evolutionary medicine: Why does prevalence of myopia significantly increase?

E. Long, Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health, 2018. 2018(1): p. 151-152. https://doi.org/10.1093/emph/eoy017

 


Digital eye strain: prevalence, measurement and amelioration.

A.L.W. Sheppard, James S., BMJ Open Ophthalmology, 2018. 3(1). http://bmjophth.bmj.com/content/3/1/e000146.abstract

 


Opinion on Potential Risks to Human Health of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs).

Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks SCHEER, 2018, European Commission

 


Blue Light Hazard: are exposure limit values protective enough for newborn infants?

S. Point, Radioprotection, 2018. 53(3): p. 219-224. https://doi.org/10.1051/radiopro/2018025

 


Light correlated color temperature and task switching performance in preschool-age children: Preliminary insights.

L.E.L. Hartstein, Monique K.Berthier, Neil E., PLOS ONE, 2018. 13(8): p. e0202973. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202973

 


Unrestricted evening use of light-emitting tablet computers delays self-selected bedtime and disrupts circadian timing and alertness.

E.D.D. Chinoy, Jeanne F.Czeisler, Charles A., Physiological Reports, 2018. 6(10): p. e13692. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13692

 


The increasing prevalence of myopia and high myopia among high school students in Fenghua city, eastern China: a 15-year population-based survey.

M. Chen, AiminZhang, LinaWang, WeiChen, XinyiYu, XiaoningWang, Kaijun, BMC ophthalmology, 2018. 18(1): p. 159-159. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0829-8


 

 

2017


Global rise of potential health hazards caused by blue light-induced circadian disruption in modern aging societies.

M. Hatori, C. Gronfier, R.N. Van Gelder, P.S. Bernstein, et al., npj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease, 2017. 3(1): p. 9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41514-017-0010-2

 


Role of short-wavelength filtering lenses in delaying myopia progression and amelioration of asthenopia in juveniles.

H.-L. Zhao, JinYu, JieXu, Hai-Ming, International journal of ophthalmology, 2017. 10(8): p. 1261-1267. https://doi.org/10.18240/ijo.2017.08.13

 


The Evolving Science of Blue Light

G. Morgan, in Technical White Paper, TechShieldBlue, Editor. 2017, VSP Optics Group. https://www.techshieldblue.com/uploads/8/5/2/9/85290858/the-evolving-science-of-blue-light.pdf

 


Relationship between Mobile Phone Addiction and the Incidence of Poor and Short Sleep among Korean Adolescents: a Longitudinal Study of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey.

J.E. Lee, S.-I. Jang, Y.J. Ju, W. Kim, et al., J Korean Med Sci, 2017. 32(7): p. 1166-1172. http://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346%2Fjkms.2017.32.7.1166

 


The use of entertainment and communication technologies before sleep could affect sleep and weight status: a population-based study among children.

N. Dube, K. Khan, S. Loehr, Y. Chu, et al., International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2017. 14(1): p. 97. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0547-2


 

 

2016


Low-energy light bulbs, computers, tablets and the blue light hazard.

J.B. O’Hagan, M. Khazova and L.L.A. Price, Eye, 2016. 30: p. 230. https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.2015.261

 


Disruption of adolescents’ circadian clock: The vicious circle of media use, exposure to light at night, sleep loss and risk behaviors.

Y. Touitou, D. Touitou and A. Reinberg, Journal of Physiology-Paris, 2016. 110(4, Part B): p. 467-479. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphysparis.2017.05.001

 


Violet Light Exposure Can Be a Preventive Strategy Against Myopia Progression.

H. Torii, T. Kurihara, Y. Seko, K. Negishi, et al., EBioMedicine, 2016. 15: p. 210-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2016.12.007

 


Computer vision syndrome (a.k.a. digital eye strain).

M. Rosenfield, Optometry in Practice, 2016. 17(1): p. 1-10. https://www.college-optometrists.org/oip-resource/computer-vision-syndrome–a-k-a–digital-eye-strain.html

 


Smartphone use is a risk factor for pediatric dry eye disease according to region and age: a case control study.

J.H. Moon, K.W. Kim and N.J. Moon, BMC Ophthalmology, 2016. 16(1): p. 188. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-016-0364-4

 


National Trends in the Prevalence and Treatment of Depression in Adolescents and Young Adults.

R. Mojtabai, M. Olfson and B. Han, Pediatrics, 2016. 138(6): p. e20161878. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2016-1878

 


Adolescent Sleep and the Impact of Technology Use Before Sleep on Daytime Function.

A.E.E. Johansson, M.A. Petrisko and E.R. Chasens, Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, 2016. 31(5): p. 498-504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2016.04.004

 


 

 

2015


Light at night pollution of the internal clock, a public health issue.

Y. Touitou, Bull Acad Natl Med, 2015. 199(7): p. 1081-1098. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4079(19)30852-0

 


Prevalence of asthenopia in children: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

M.A.P. Vilela, L.C. Pellanda, A.G. Fassa and V.D. Castagno, Jornal de Pediatria, 2015. 91(4): p. 320-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2014.10.008

 


Blue Blocker Glasses as a Countermeasure for Alerting Effects of Evening Light-Emitting Diode Screen Exposure in Male Teenagers.

S. van der Lely, S. Frey, C. Garbazza, A. Wirz-Justice, et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, 2015. 56(1): p. 113-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.08.002

 


Screen time and sleep among school-aged children and adolescents: a systematic literature review.

L. Hale and S. Guan, Sleep Med Rev, 2015. 21: p. 50-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2014.07.007

 


Bigger, Brighter, Bluer-Better? Current Light-Emitting Devices – Adverse Sleep Properties and Preventative Strategies.

P. Gringras, B. Middleton, D.J. Skene and V.L. Revell, Front Public Health, 2015. 3: p. 233. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2015.00233

 


Children and electronic media: How much is too much?

J. da Silva, in American Psychological Association 2015. https://www.apa.org/pi/about/newsletter/2015/06/electronic-media

 


Increased Sensitivity of the Circadian System to Light in Early/Mid-Puberty.

S.J. Crowley, S.W. Cain, A.C. Burns, C. Acebo, et al., J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2015. 100(4067-4073). https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2015-2775

 


The 21st Century Child: Increased Technology Use May Lead to Future Eye Health and Vision Issues.

American Optometric Association. http://www.aoa.org/newsroom/the-21st-century-child-increased-technology-use-may-lead-to-future-eye-health-and-vision-issues


 

 

2014


Association between electronic media use and sleep habits: an eight-day follow-up study.

V. Kubiszewski, R. Fontaine, E. Rusch and E. Hazouard, International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 2014. 19(3): p. 395-407. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2012.751039

 


Blue Light and Eye Damage.

G.W. Good. 2014, American optometric Association. https://www.aoa.org/Documents/CRG/Blue%20Light%20and%20Eye%20Damage.pdf

 


Associations between specific technologies and adolescent sleep quantity, sleep quality, and parasomnias.

T. Arora, E. Broglia, G.N. Thomas and S. Taheri, Sleep Med, 2014. 15(2): p. 240-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2013.08.799


 

 

2011


Light-emitting diodes (LED) for domestic lighting: Any risks for the eye?

F. Behar-Cohen, C. Martinsons, F. Viénot, G. Zissis, et al., Progress in Retinal and Eye Research, 2011. 30(4): p. 239-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.preteyeres.2011.04.002


 

 

2010


Age-related changes in the transmission properties of the human lens and their relevance to circadian entrainment.

L. Kessel, L. J.H., K. Herbst, T.V. Andersen, et al., J. Cataract Refract. Surg., 2010. 36: p. 308-312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2009.08.035

 


What’s in a Color? The Unique Human Health Effect of Blue Light.

D.C. Holzman, Environmental Health Perspectives, 2010. 118(1): p. A22-A27. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2831986/pdf/ehp-118-a22.pdf


 

 

2009


Impact of computer use on children’s vision.

N. Kozeis, Hippokratia, 2009. 13(4): p. 230-231. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2776336/

 

 

1996


Light damage revisited: converging evidence, diverging views?

C. Remé, J. Reinboth, M. Clausen and F. Hafezi, Graefe’s Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 1996. 234(1): p. 2-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00186512